Oct 15

java二进制,字节数组,字符,十六进制,BCD编码转换 不指定

Heck , 15:40 , 编程杂谈 , 评论(0) , 引用(0) , 阅读(1004) , Via 本站原创 | |
java二进制,字节数组,字符,十六进制,BCD编码转换
   /*
    * 把16进制字符串转换成字节数组
    * @param hex
    * @return
    */
public static byte[] hexStringToByte(String hex) {
    int len = (hex.length() / 2);
    byte[] result = new byte[len];
    char[] achar = hex.toCharArray();
    for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
     int pos = i * 2;
     result[i] = (byte) (toByte(achar[pos]) << 4 | toByte(achar[pos + 1]));
    }
    return result;
}

private static byte toByte(char c) {
    byte b = (byte) "0123456789ABCDEF".indexOf(c);
    return b;
}


/** *//**
    * 把字节数组转换成16进制字符串
    * @param bArray
    * @return
    */
public static final String bytesToHexString(byte[] bArray) {
    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(bArray.length);
    String sTemp;
    for (int i = 0; i < bArray.length; i++) {
     sTemp = Integer.toHexString(0xFF & bArray[i]);
     if (sTemp.length() < 2)
      sb.append(0);
     sb.append(sTemp.toUpperCase());
    }
    return sb.toString();
}

/** *//**
    * 把字节数组转换为对象
    * @param bytes
    * @return
    * @throws IOException
    * @throws ClassNotFoundException
    */
public static final Object bytesToObject(byte[] bytes) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
    ByteArrayInputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);
    ObjectInputStream oi = new ObjectInputStream(in);
    Object o = oi.readObject();
    oi.close();
    return o;
}

/** *//**
    * 把可序列化对象转换成字节数组
    * @param s
    * @return
    * @throws IOException
    */
public static final byte[] objectToBytes(Serializable s) throws IOException {
    ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    ObjectOutputStream ot = new ObjectOutputStream(out);
    ot.writeObject(s);
    ot.flush();
    ot.close();
    return out.toByteArray();
}

public static final String objectToHexString(Serializable s) throws IOException{
    return bytesToHexString(objectToBytes(s));
}

public static final Object hexStringToObject(String hex) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException{
    return bytesToObject(hexStringToByte(hex));
}

/** *//**
    * @函数功能: BCD码转为10进制串(阿拉伯数据)
    * @输入参数: BCD码
    * @输出结果: 10进制串
    */
public static String bcd2Str(byte[] bytes){
    StringBuffer temp=new StringBuffer(bytes.length*2);

    for(int i=0;i<bytes.length;i++){
     temp.append((byte)((bytes[i]& 0xf0)>>>4));
     temp.append((byte)(bytes[i]& 0x0f));
    }
    return temp.toString().substring(0,1).equalsIgnoreCase("0")?temp.toString().substring(1):temp.toString();
}

/** *//**
    * @函数功能: 10进制串转为BCD码
    * @输入参数: 10进制串
    * @输出结果: BCD码
    */
public static byte[] str2Bcd(String asc) {
    int len = asc.length();
    int mod = len % 2;

    if (mod != 0) {
     asc = "0" + asc;
     len = asc.length();
    }

    byte abt[] = new byte[len];
    if (len >= 2) {
     len = len / 2;
    }

    byte bbt[] = new byte[len];
    abt = asc.getBytes();
    int j, k;

    for (int p = 0; p < asc.length()/2; p++) {
     if ( (abt[2 * p] >= '0') && (abt[2 * p] <= '9')) {
      j = abt[2 * p] - '0';
     } else if ( (abt[2 * p] >= 'a') && (abt[2 * p] <= 'z')) {
      j = abt[2 * p] - 'a' + 0x0a;
     } else {
      j = abt[2 * p] - 'A' + 0x0a;
     }

     if ( (abt[2 * p + 1] >= '0') && (abt[2 * p + 1] <= '9')) {
      k = abt[2 * p + 1] - '0';
     } else if ( (abt[2 * p + 1] >= 'a') && (abt[2 * p + 1] <= 'z')) {
      k = abt[2 * p + 1] - 'a' + 0x0a;
     }else {
      k = abt[2 * p + 1] - 'A' + 0x0a;
     }

     int a = (j << 4) + k;
     byte b = (byte) a;
     bbt[p] = b;
    }
    return bbt;
}
/** *//**
    * @函数功能: BCD码转ASC码
    * @输入参数: BCD串
    * @输出结果: ASC码
    */
public static String BCD2ASC(byte[] bytes) {
    StringBuffer temp = new StringBuffer(bytes.length * 2);

    for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++) {
     int h = ((bytes[i] & 0xf0) >>> 4);
     int l = (bytes[i] & 0x0f);  
     temp.append(BToA[h]).append( BToA[l]);
    }
    return temp.toString() ;
}

/** *//**
    * MD5加密字符串,返回加密后的16进制字符串
    * @param origin
    * @return
    */
public static String MD5EncodeToHex(String origin) {
       return bytesToHexString(MD5Encode(origin));
     }

/** *//**
    * MD5加密字符串,返回加密后的字节数组
    * @param origin
    * @return
    */
public static byte[] MD5Encode(String origin){
    return MD5Encode(origin.getBytes());
}

/** *//**
    * MD5加密字节数组,返回加密后的字节数组
    * @param bytes
    * @return
    */
public static byte[] MD5Encode(byte[] bytes){
    MessageDigest md=null;
    try {
     md = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
     return md.digest(bytes);
    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
     return new byte[0];
    }

}
//关于byte:    signed byte 把 0x00 ~ 0xff 映射成范围 0~127和 -128~-1    两段,比较简单的办法用 (b+256)%256的办法令其值回到0~255,或者用&0xff并赋给一个int。


来源:Heck's Blog
地址:http://www.hecks.tk/java-code-and-system-convert/
转载时须以链接形式注明作者和原始出处及本声明,否则将追究法律责任,谢谢配合!